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Urbanization and the gut microbiota in health and inflammatory bowel disease

April 18, 2018

T Zuo, MA Kamm, JF Colombel, SC Ng.


Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol.



In the 21st century, urbanization represents a major demographic shift in developed and developing countries. Rapid urbanization in the developing world has been associated with an increasing incidence of several autoimmune diseases, including IBD. This Perspective discusses the effect of urbanization and its surrogates on the gut microbiome (bacteriome, virome, mycobiome and helminths) in both human health and IBD and how such changes might be associated with the development of IBD.


PubMed PMID: 29670252.


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